Tobacco dependence treatment guidelines


Authors: Eva Králíková 1,2,3;  Richard Češka 4,5;  Alexandra Pánková 1,2,3;  Lenka Štěpánková 1,3;  Kamila Zvolská 1,3;  Vladislava Felbrová 1,3;  Stanislava Kulovaná 1;  Miroslav Zvolský 6
Authors‘ workplace: Centrum pro závislé na tabáku III. interní kliniky – kliniky endokrinologie a metabolizmu 1. LF UK a VFN Praha přednosta prof. MUDr. Štěpán Svačina, DrSc., MBA 1;  Ústav hygieny a epidemiologie 1. LF UK a VFN Praha, přednosta doc. MUDr. Milan Tuček, CSc. 2;  Společnost pro léčbu závislosti na tabáku Praha, předsedkyně doc. MUDr. Eva Králíková, CSc. 3;  Centrum preventivní kardiologie III. interní kliniky – kliniky endokrinologie a metabolizmu 1. LF UK a VFN Praha přednosta prof. MUDr. Štěpán Svačina, DrSc., MBA 4;  Česká internistická společnost České lékařské společnosti J. E. Purkyně, předseda prof. MUDr. Richard Češka, CSc., FACP, FEFIM 5;  Ústav zdravotnických informací a statistiky ČR Praha, ředitel doc. RNDr. Ladislav Dušek, Ph. D. 6
Published in: Vnitř Lék 2015; 61(Suppl 1): 3-15
Category: Guidelines

Overview

Tobacco dependence causes every sixth death in the Czech Republic and is associated with diseases of the whole body. Treatment of tobacco dependence should be a standard part of clinical care to the extent of time available – from brief intervention at each clinical contact with patients up to intensive treatment. It includes psycho-socio-behavioural support and pharmacotherapy. It should apply to all professions in clinical medicine – as recommended by WHO mainly doctors, nurses, pharmacists and dentists, and should be covered within health care systems. Economically, it is one of the most cost-effective interventions in medicine. In our population over 15 years about 30 % smokes (about 2.2 million people), diagnosis F17 relates to approximately 1.75 million people (about 80 % of smokers).

Key words:
doctors – health care professions – nurses – pharmacists – practice guideline – tobacco depen­dence – treatment


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Diabetology Endocrinology Internal medicine
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